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"We must address the completity, multidimensionality, and interdependence of global dynamics (economic, political, cultural, social, educational, etc.) from an eco-ethical vision that proposes creative alternatives to chan%e the relations beteen human beings and nature"
from the paper: "Global Citizenship Education and Sustainable Development Goals: A Transdisciplinary and Biomimetic Perspective"
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Our estimates of the number of people living with HIV are 18.7% smaller than UNAIDS’s estimates in 2012. The number of people living with malaria is larger than estimated by WHO. The number of people living with HIV, tuberculosis, or malaria have all decreased since 2000. At the global level, upward trends for malaria and HIV deaths have been reversed, and declines in tuberculosis deaths have accelerated. 101 countries (74 of which are developing) still have increasing HIV incidence. Substantial progress since the Millennium Declaration is an encouraging sign of the effect of global action. -2013 source, full text
"Transparency can help improve the quality of government contracting. It lowers barriers to entry for firms to bid on work by providing information about previous similar contracts and gives bidders greater comfort that the bidding process will be fair. Governments benefit from increased competition as well as the experience of similar contract models from other jurisdictions, which should improve price or revenue forecasts as well as the quality of contract specifications. Civil society can use contract information to ensure that delivery of services (or the supply of revenues) matches the agreement." source
The means of implementation are too focused on agriculture and not focused enough on enhancing food security and nutrition; therefore, it is suggested that at least one further means concerning nutritional and social policies (and investments)" - "Focus on the quality of the diet and the problem of obesity." - source (page 21)
"Agriculture across Africa must undergo a significant transformation to meet the multiple challenges of climate change, food insecurity, malnutrition, poverty and environmental degradation. The case studies described here are just some of the climate-smart agricultural practices that already exist in Africa. This publication aims to inspire farmers, researchers, business leaders, policy makers and NGOs to take up the mantle of climate-smart agriculture and accelerate the transformation of Africa’s agriculture into a more sustainable and profitable sector." - source:Evidence of impact Climate-smart agriculture in Africa
Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages
"Ensure that Opportunities for life-long and social learning for sustainable living and living with risk and change are reflected in adult, community, non-formal and informal learning environments."
"Education programs – particularly in non-formal settings – and
when widely accessible to women and girls have
broad positive effects. These include beneficial effects
on family planning and mortality, social equality, economic
vitality and entrepreneurship and lifting people
out of poverty, food security, improved health, social
coherence and political stability, and better natural
resource management in developing countries." -source (page 29)
" Despite rapid population growth, the number of primary school age out-of-school children dropped by 42 per cent between 2000 and 2012, with the number for girls seeing an even greater drop of 47 per cent. The number of out-of-school adolescents also reduced by 31 per cent between 1999 and 2011; while during the same period, the pre-primary education gross enrolment ratio increased from 33 to 50 per cent."
"The poor quality of education at the primary level has resulted in some 250 million children leaving school without learning to read, write or count, while an estimated 782 million adults, 64 per cent of whom are women, still lack basic reading and writing skills."
Establish high-level corporate leadership for gender equalityTreat all women and men fairly at work—respect and support human rights and nondiscriminationEnsure the health, safety and well-being of all women and men workersPromote education, training and professional development for womenImplement enterprise development, supply chain and marketing practices that empower womenPromote equality through community initiatives and advocacyMeasure and publicly report on progress to achieve gender equality
"For women, spacing pregnancies reduces the probability of dying as a result of pregnancy and childbirth. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 100,000 maternal deaths per year, out of a total of about 530,000, could be prevented if all women who want no more children could stop childbearing" - Wolde
Emma Watson Speech for #HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 Program at World Economic Forum 2015
HeForShe Action Kit
End Water Poverty calls on UN member states negotiating the SDGs to ensure that human rights is the framework for all the SDGs, in particular SDG 6, focused on water, sanitation and hygiene.
Make our human right to water and sanitation a reality The human right to water and sanitation was first recognised by a 2010 UN General Assembly Resolution (64/292, para. 1) –this confirmed it as a human right in itself, and a right essential to the realisation of all others. Subsequent UN Human Rights Council resolutions further clarified the meaning of the right, which was universally recognised by the UN General Assembly in 2013 (Resolution 68/157). UN
Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Water and Sanitation, Catarina de Albuquerque,
explains: “This means that for the UN, the right to water and sanitation is contained in existing human rights treaties and is therefore legally binding.”
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
"Drought conditions are likely to be more frequent, more intense and longer lasting"
"Practices that promote sustainable management of forests for their role in climate stabilization can simultaneously provide multiple benefits for local communities"
"Agroforestry systems that intercrop shrubs and cacti with barley, oats, feed legumes and native vegetation have significantly reduced the cost of feeding livestock and reduced farmers’ dependence on rangelands."
Keynote address by Palau's President Tommy Remengesau Jr. to the United Nations conference on 'Healthy Oceans and Seas' (4 Feb 2014)
"a key element of full implementation of SDG14 will be a new legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of high seas biodiversity. This instrument, which will be the focus of a UN Preparatory Committee in 2016–17, could provide a universal framework to establish marine protected areas on the high seas." source
"This report outlines eight steps the international community can take to restore ocean health and halt the decline of the ocean economy, including through addressing oceans in the post-2015 development agenda and ensuring that an agreement on climate change addresses ocean warming and acidification. Additional recommendations include: conserving and managing 30% of representative marine areas by 2030; rebuilding fish stocks to ecologically sustainable harvest levels; and building transparent accounting of the value of ocean assets to improve decision-making."
"This goal remained vague and did not include any binding commitments for rich countries," .. The Rich Should be Held Accountable in the U.N.'s New Development Goals, Say NGOs" "What we need are 'smart' targets to hold rich countries accountable," 23 March 2015, Jens Martens, director of the Global Policy Forum in Bonn, - source